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Vietnam (pronunciation: [vjɛtˈnɑm]; Vietnamese: Việt Nam), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a country in Southeast Asia. With 98,176,244 (2021) inhabitants, Vietnam is one of the sixteen most populous countries in the world. The capital is northern Hanoi (Hà Nội) and the largest city is southern Ho Chi Minh City (Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh), formerly Saigon.
Vietnam is located on the Indochina Peninsula and is bordered by China to the north, by the Gulf of Tonkin and the Chinese island of Hainan within it to the northeast, by the South China Sea to the southeast, by Cambodia to the southwest, and by Laos in the northwest. Indochina is a geographical term for that part of Asia that consists of present-day Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Sometimes (eastern) Thailand is also included. Vietnam is particularly influenced by China, while Thailand, Cambodia and Laos are culturally more towards India.
Since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, following the Vietnam War, the country has been a socialist people's republic. The Communist Party of Vietnam is the only political party in control, although since 1986 political and economic reforms have involved the country increasingly involved in international diplomacy and the world economy. In the early years of the 21st century, Vietnam's economic growth is one of the highest in the region. The successful economic reforms resulted in his joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.
Vietnam has seventeen airports, including three international airports: Nội Bài in Hanoi, Đà Nẵng Airport in Đà Nẵng and Tân Sơn Nhất in Ho Chi Minh City. Some other airports are Liên Khương, Phu Bai International Airport, Cam Ranh International Airport, Cát Bi International Airport and Can Thơ Airport. Some future airports are Phú Quốc International Airport and Long Thanh International Airport. Vietnam Airlines is the flag carrier of Vietnam. Other Vietnamese airlines include Air Mekong, Jetstar Pacific Airlines, VietJet Air and VASCO.
Vietnam's first rail line is the Reunification Express, connecting Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. From Hanoi there are lines to the northeast, north and west. The eastern one goes from Hanoi to Hạ Long Bay, the northern line from Hanoi to Thái Nguyên and the northeastern line from Hanoi to Lào Cai.
Vietnam also has some major ports, such as the port of Đà Nẵng, Cam Ranh, Hải Phòng, Saigon Port in Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Gai, Quy Nhơn, and Nha Trang. Inland there is a network of rivers with a transport capacity of approx
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